What can you do with a Mathematics Degree?

What can you do with a mathematics degree?

What can you do with a mathematics degree?

Mathematics graduates will develop logical thinking, problem-solving and decision-making skills valued highly by employers and always in demand. As a result, a degree in mathematics will open various doors to different career paths, including academic research, business, economics and banking. Mathematical experts are in demand across all types of industries across the world. This degree will provide you with the flexibility to take your career in various different directions, which you can tailor to your interests and will hopefully result in a successful and satisfying work life.

Career options

Natural career paths following a mathematics degree:

  • Acoustic consultant
  • Actuarial analyst
  • Actuary
  • Astronomer
  • Chartered accountant
  • Chartered certified accountant
  • Data analyst
  • Data scientist
  • Investment Analyst
  • Research scientist (maths)
  • Secondary school teacher
  • Software engineer
  • Sound engineer
  • Statistician

Transferable skills career paths:

  • CAD technician
  • Civil Service fast streamer
  • Financial manager
  • Financial trader
  • Game designer
  • Insurance underwriter
  • Machine learning engineer
  • Meteorologist
  • Operational researcher
  • Private tutor
  • Quantity surveyor
  • Radiation protection practitioner
  • Software Tester

These should only be used as a guide. Many employers will accept applications from students that have studied various degrees. 

Work experience

Those wanting a career that involves mathematical skills should investigate doing an industry placement – pre-entry work is valued highly. Your careers department at your university should be able to help you identify these. These may include opportunities within the following:

  • Banking
  • The Civil Service
  • Computing
  • Consulting
  • Financial services
  • Retail


If your university course does not offer a placement year, you may want to consider doing part-time, summer or voluntary work. To give yourself a head start, you can reach out to academic departments at your university to see if there are any research projects where you can offer your expertise. 


Any kind of pre-entry experience will give your application an advantage. It will also help you to develop the essential skills needed to succeed in the industry. Employers value work experience very highly, and it will also allow you to network and build a list of contacts who may become useful in the future.  

Typical employers

The skills you will develop through a mathematics degree are in demand across various sectors. If you can show you can program, you are likely to be in as strong a position when applying for roles. The most common industries for employment are:


  • Education
  • Engineering
  • Finance, banking and accountancy firms
  • Government – local, central and agencies
  • Insurance companies
  • IT, business consultancy and operational research companies
  • Market research and marketing companies
  • Medicine and health – including private pharmaceutical companies and the NHS
  • Petroleum and nuclear industries
  • Publicly-funded research institutes
  • Space science and astronomy.


Below are some of the job titles you earn with a mathematics degree: 


  • Accountant
  • Actuary
  • Commodity broker
  • Consultant
  • Data analyst
  • Investment Analyst
  • Investment banker (operations)
  • Software Developer
  • Statistician
  • Secondary teacher
  • Trader

Maths can stretch across many industries – which is great news for a maths graduate – enabling you to take your pick out of what interests you the most.

Skills for your CV

Through your degree, you will learn various professional skills such as designing and conducting observational and experimental studies, investigating, analysing and interpreting data; finding patterns and drawing conclusions; approaching problems analytically and rigorously; formulating theories and applying them to solve problems and advanced numeracy and analysing large quantities of data. Alongside this, you will have developed additional skills which will be transferable. Make sure the following skills are highlighted on your CV:


  • The analysis, presentation and interpretation of data
  • The ability to carry out experiments and studies
  • Problem-solving
  • Information technology
  • Presenting mathematical arguments
  • The ability to deal with abstract concepts
  • Logical thinking
  • Advanced mathematical thinking
  • Communication skills
  • Good time management
  • Decision-making and organisational skills
  • Teamwork and independent working

Further study

While further study is not essential, it is a popular choice amongst graduates. Most mathematics graduates decide to study at a Masters level for more advanced and specialised knowledge. This is particularly useful for those seeking a maths-related career such as operational research, medical statistics, metrology and engineering design. For example, a Certificate in Mortgage Advice and Practice (CeMAP) course is a benchmark qualification for anyone who wants to work as a mortgage adviser. A CeMAP will teach you all of the additional, industry-specific information needed to become a mortgage adviser.

Other maths-related careers, such as finance, will require additional study, but this will be offered during employment to qualify for progression within the role. 

What are mathematics graduates doing?

The skills learnt through a degree in mathematics can apply to many job roles; however, investment banking and investment are the most popular career choices for students who have graduated with a mathematics degree. Other popular professions amongst this cohort include IT professionals, finance professionals, business, research and admin professionals, teaching professionals, and sales and marketing. 

Related Courses

Join BSc Mathematics to learn how mathematics underpins and describes the world around us.Build the knowledge and skills required to excel in a multitude of professional sectors, including finance, engineering, programming, teaching, and mathematical research.This degree will provide you with a broad understanding of key areas of mathematics, with options to individualise your degree at every level. Choose to study topics from various options, including statistics, finance, coding and cryptography, numerical analysis, and mathematical biology.


This one-year MSc programme will equip graduates with all the skills necessary to enter the ever-changing world of Accounting and Finance. Complex developments in the field require employers to look for graduates who are adaptable and confident in their knowledge, and UWS London strives to prepare their students for this throughout the course. You will not only gain insight and awareness into the contemporary issues facing this industry but also learn how to apply financial and accounting skills in a practical context and how to use established research techniques to create and interpret data. Additionally, this course allows you to understand the theory and practices of accounting and financial management.