Job profile

Sport and Exercise Psychologist

Sport and Exercise Psychologist Job Profile

What Is a Sport and Exercise Psychologist?

A Sport and Exercise Psychologist is a highly trained professional who applies psychological principles to sports and physical activity. They work with athletes and teams to optimise performance, mental well-being, and overall psychological resilience.

This role goes beyond the typical therapist-client relationship; it involves actively collaborating with individuals and groups to enhance their mental skills and cope with the unique challenges of the sports environment.

If you’ve ever wondered about the psychological intricacies that drive athletes to achieve peak performance or how mental strategies can influence sports outcomes, a career as a Sport and Exercise Psychologist might be the perfect fit for you. As a Sport and Exercise Psychologist, you will play a crucial role in understanding and enhancing the mental well-being and performance of athletes, coaches, and sports teams.

In summary, a career as a Sport and Exercise Psychologist offers a dynamic and fulfilling path for individuals passionate about both psychology and sports. By combining your expertise in mental health with a deep understanding of athletic performance, you can make a significant impact on the well-being and success of athletes at all levels.


As a Sport and Exercise Psychologist, your responsibilities will span a diverse range of areas, all aimed at supporting athletes and teams in reaching their full potential. These responsibilities may include:

Psychological Assessment:

  • Conducting thorough assessments of athletes’ mental strengths and weaknesses.
  • Identifying factors that may impact performance, such as stressors, anxiety, or confidence issues.

Mental Skills Training:

  • Developing and implementing mental skills training programs tailored to individual athletes or teams.
  • Teaching techniques for goal setting, visualisation, focus, and emotional regulation.

Performance Enhancement:

  • Collaborating with coaches to create strategies that enhance overall team dynamics and communication.
  • Assisting athletes in building resilience and coping with performance-related pressure.

Injury Rehabilitation:

  • Supporting athletes in coping with the psychological challenges of injury and rehabilitation.
  • Facilitating the mental aspects of the recovery process to ensure a smooth return to play.

Team Building and Communication:

  • Conducting workshops and sessions to improve team cohesion, communication, and conflict resolution.
  • Fostering a positive team culture that contributes to overall well-being and performance.

Consultation and Counseling:

  • Offering individual counselling sessions to address personal challenges or psychological barriers.
  • Providing ongoing support to athletes dealing with issues such as burnout, motivation, or performance slumps.

Research and Development:

  • Engaging in ongoing research to contribute to the advancement of sport and exercise psychology.
  • Staying abreast of the latest scientific findings and incorporating evidence-based practices into your work.


The salary of a Sport and Exercise Psychologist can vary based on factors such as experience, location, and the level of sports involvement. As of the latest data available in 2022, Sport and Exercise Psychologists in the UK can expect an annual salary ranging from £20,000 to £48,000, with the potential for higher earnings in senior roles or private practice.

The field of sport and exercise psychology is experiencing growth, with increasing recognition of the importance of mental well-being in sports performance. This trend is likely to create more opportunities for qualified professionals in the coming years.

Working Hours and Work Location

The work hours of Sport and Exercise Psychologists display notable variation, depending on the specific demands of their roles and professional environments.

When closely engaged with sports teams, professionals often find themselves working at irregular hours, especially during pivotal phases such as training sessions, competitions, or critical periods in the sports calendar.

Individuals in private practice, while enjoying more control over their schedules, must maintain flexibility to accommodate the diverse availability of clients seeking their services.

Professionals in academic or research roles typically adhere to a standard working week, dedicating additional hours to research endeavours and publication activities that contribute to the advancement of knowledge in the field.

For those deeply embedded in the sports domain, particularly psychologists collaborating with national or international teams, travel becomes a significant component of their responsibilities.

The average work hours for Sport and Exercise Psychologists generally span from 37 to 39 hours per week, potentially including work on weekends and evenings. This adaptability caters to the dynamic and sometimes unpredictable nature of the sports environment, ensuring psychologists can provide support when it is most needed.

What to Expect

As a student contemplating a career in Sport and Exercise Psychology, I envision an enriching journey filled with opportunities to profoundly influence the world of sports. Consider the following aspects:

Passion for Sports:

Your role as a Sport and Exercise Psychologist seamlessly integrates your love for psychology with a profound passion for sports. This alignment affords you the unique chance to contribute to the success and well-being of athletes across various levels.

Continuous Learning:

In the dynamic field of Sport and Exercise Psychology, expect a continuous learning experience. Staying abreast of new developments in both research and practice is essential, enabling you to apply evidence-based approaches throughout your professional journey.

Diverse Clientele:

Anticipate working with a diverse clientele, ranging from individual athletes seeking personal improvement to entire sports teams striving for collective success. This diversity not only adds richness to your role but also demands adaptability in your approach to cater to varying needs.

High-Stakes Environments:

Immersing yourself in the world of sports means navigating high-pressure situations. Your expertise will play a pivotal role in assisting athletes as they confront the mental challenges associated with intense competitions and performance expectations.

Personal Satisfaction:

Experience personal satisfaction as you witness the positive impact of your work on athletes’ performance and overall well-being. Your role significantly contributes to building resilience, enhancing mental skills, and fostering a positive sports culture.


In the UK, aspiring Sport and Exercise Psychologists follow a structured educational path to build the knowledge and skills required for this dynamic field. 

While a bachelor’s degree in psychology or a related discipline serves as the foundational step, specialised training in sport and exercise psychology is essential. Pursuing a master’s degree in sport and exercise psychology further refines expertise and provides practical insights.

Applicants often benefit from additional certifications, particularly those related to sports psychology and counselling. Organisations like the British Psychological Society (BPS) play a vital role, offering accreditation and guidance on the necessary qualifications for a successful career.

Beyond formal education, hands-on experience is invaluable. Engaging in internships, apprenticeships, or placements with sports teams, clinics, or academic institutions provides practical exposure and enhances one’s application of theoretical knowledge. Joining professional bodies such as the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences (BASES) not only facilitates networking but also showcases a commitment to professional development.

Staying informed about industry trends and research is crucial. Access to reputable sources such as the International Society of Sport Psychology (ISSP) ensures that Sport and Exercise Psychologists remain at the forefront of advancements in the field. With a combination of academic qualifications, practical experience, and ongoing professional development, individuals can embark on a fulfilling career as Sport and Exercise Psychologists in the UK.


To excel as a Sport and Exercise Psychologist, a diverse set of skills is essential. These include:


  • Communication Skills-The ability to communicate effectively with athletes, coaches, and other stakeholders is crucial for building trust and fostering collaboration.
  • Empathy- Understanding the unique challenges and pressures faced by athletes requires a high level of empathy. Empathetic engagement builds strong therapeutic relationships.
  • Analytical Thinking- Assessing athletes’ psychological needs and designing tailored interventions demand strong analytical skills. The ability to interpret data and draw meaningful conclusions is vital.  
  • Adaptability- Sports environments can be dynamic and unpredictable. Being adaptable and able to tailor your approach to different individuals and situations is a valuable skill.
  • Ethical Practice- Upholding ethical standards in client confidentiality, professional boundaries, and the application of evidence-based practices is paramount.
  • Resilience- The ability to cope with the emotional challenges that may arise in your work, particularly when dealing with athletes facing setbacks or injuries.
  • Collaboration- Working collaboratively with coaches, medical professionals, and other stakeholders is essential for creating a holistic approach to athlete well-being.

Work Experience

For those students aspiring to delve into the field of Sport and Exercise Psychology, gaining relevant work experience is a crucial foundation for advancing their professional growth. Several strategies can effectively initiate this transformative journey:

  • Embarking on Internships and Placements: actively seek out internships or placement opportunities with sports teams, athletic associations, or sports psychology clinics. These immersive experiences provide hands-on exposure to the multifaceted demands of the profession.
  • Engaging in Volunteer Work: offer your services as a volunteer with local sports clubs, schools, or community organisations. Volunteering not only grants you practical experience but also facilitates valuable connections within the sports community, fostering a holistic understanding of the field.
  • Fostering Networking Opportunities: participate in conferences, workshops, and networking events dedicated to sports psychology. Establishing connections with seasoned professionals in the field can potentially unlock doors to mentorship and job opportunities, enriching your professional journey.
  • Pursuing Advanced Degrees: contemplate pursuing advanced degrees, such as a Master’s or Doctoral program in Sport and Exercise Psychology. These educational endeavours not only deepen your understanding of the subject matter but also enhance your skills and credibility within the field.
  • Exploring Relevant Certifications: delve into certifications offered by professional organisations in sport psychology. These certifications serve as tangible evidence of your commitment to ongoing professional development and your adherence to industry standards, solidifying your standing in the field.

Career prospects

As a Sport and Exercise Psychologist in the UK, a multitude of exciting career avenues await, providing diverse opportunities for professional growth:

One potential trajectory is to become a team psychologist, collaborating directly with sports teams. In this role, you would focus on enhancing group dynamics, communication, and overall performance, contributing significantly to the team’s success.

Alternatively, you could choose to work as an individual consultant, offering personalised one-on-one consultations to athletes. Your expertise would be instrumental in assisting individuals seeking to improve their mental skills, manage stress, or overcome specific performance challenges.

For those inclined towards academia, the path of an educator or researcher beckons. By teaching and engaging in research, you contribute to the academic field, advancing our understanding of sport and exercise psychology.

Establishing a private practice is another avenue, affording the autonomy to work independently with individual athletes, teams, or organisations on a consultancy basis.

There’s also the option to work in a clinical setting, focusing on sports-related mental health. This role involves helping athletes cope with issues such as anxiety, depression, or eating disorders, contributing to their overall well-being.

Contributing to the national landscape, you can work with the government or national organisations to develop and implement sports psychology programs at the national level, collaborating with government bodies or sports organisations.

Exploring specialised areas is another avenue, allowing you to delve into niche areas such as sports rehabilitation, talent identification, or sports performance analytics. Here, you can leverage your expertise in unique ways, making a distinct impact in the field.


These organisations operate at the forefront of the media and entertainment industry, providing exciting opportunities for Sport and Exercise Psychologists to contribute their expertise. Explore their career pages for more information on available positions and application processes.

Related Courses

To prepare for a career as a Sport and Exercise Psychologist, consider pursuing courses in the following areas:

  • Sports Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Research Methods in Psychology
  • Ethics in Psychology
  • Psychology of Physical Activity
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